How to analyze data using SPSS (for beginners)-part 1



What is SPSS?

SPSS is a statistical software  which was actually developed as an analysis program for social          scientist . Abbreviation of SPSS is Statistical Package for Social Science and now it is modified to Superior Performing Software.

Why we use SPSS?

      -SPSS performs four main tasks:


  •   Manipulates and manages data
  • Products reports and table
  • Perform simple and complex statistical analysis
  • Produces graphical output


Interface:
Mainly there are four window-
              1.data editor
              2.output viewer
              3.syntax editor
              4.script windows
There are two interface in data editor.

i.variable view:
   In this view , we can insert our variable name .
Variable view


ii.data view:
    In this view , we can input our data for our inserted variable.
Data view



How can we enter data in SPSS?

We can enter data in spss by using two different ways.
  1. Manually 
  2. Import data from excel
Manually entering data:
Manually entering data
  • After open spss software , at first we have to write the variable name in the "Name" column.
  • click on "Type" and select the variable type.
  • then we have to write the variable description in the "Label" column.

If we want entering a string variable or nominal data, then we have to select the variable type as "String"
Selecting variable type




then we have to go to the "Values" column and click on it. Then we can see a new box named value labels .

Add value labels



Now we have to enter a value on that box and define the value by a label and click "Add". After adding all values then click "Ok".

By using above process we can easily entering our data in spss manually .


How to analyze data using SPSS (for beginners)-part 1
How to analyze data using SPSS (part-2), how to input data in SPSS
How to analyze data using SPSS (part-3), how to import data in SPSS from excel file
How to analyze data using SPSS (part-4), how to sort data in SPSS
How to analyze data using SPSS ( part-5) how to merge file in SPSS?
How to analyze data using SPSS ( part-6), how to merge file in SPSS
How to analyze data using SPSS (part-7), Finding missing values, Replacing missing values, Coding missing values in SPSS
How to analyze data using SPSS (part-8), variable transformation, Recoding variables in spss
Univariate analysis| How to analyze data using spss (part-9)
Bivariate analysis| How to analyze data using spss (part-10)

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