Bernoulli Distribution: Definition, example, properties and application.


Bernoulli Distribution

A discrete random variable X is said to have a Bernoulli distribution if its probability function is defined as,

Here , p is the parameter of the distribution which satisfying 0<=p<=1 and p+q=1.

Mean= E[X]= p      and,

Variance=Var[X]= pq

If q<1 then the mean of the bernoulli distribution is greater than the variance. that means,
E[X]>Var[X]        ; when q<1.

Properties of Bernoulli Distribution

  • An experiment with two possible outcomes regarding as success and failure, the probability of success and failure is always remain same and the probability is 1/2 (half).
  • Mean of Bernoulli Distribution is  p.
  • Variance of Bernoulli Distribution is  pq.
  • Moment generating function is  .

Application of Bernoulli distribution

Bernoulli distribution is a form of Binomial distribution where N=1. If N>1 then bernoulli distribution is converted into binomial distribution. so the real life application of bernouli distribution is very rare because N is greater than 1 almost all the study. we consider the application of binomial distribution as 

  • There are a lot of areas where the application of binomial theorem is inevitable, even in the modern world areas such as computing. In computing areas, binomial theorem has been very useful such a in distribution of IP addresses. With binomial theorem, the automatic distribution of IP addresses is not only possible but also the distribution of virtual IP addresses.
  • Another field that used Binomial Theorem as the important tools is the nation’s economic prediction. Economists used binomial theorem to count probabilities that depend on numerous and very distributed variables to predict the way the economy will behave in the next few years. To be able to come up with realistic predictions, binomial theorem is used in this field.
  • Binomial Theorem has also been a great use in the architecture industry in design of infrastructure. It allows engineers, to calculate the magnitudes of the projects and thus delivering accurate estimates of not only the costs but also time required to construct them. For contractors, it is a very important tool to help ensuring the costing projects is competent enough to deliver profits.

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